Unlocking Success: Core Java Interview Questions and Answers for Fresher 2024(Updated)

Mahesh Sharma
3 min readFeb 9, 2024

Are you a fresh graduate or a beginner in the field of Java programming, gearing up for your first job interview?

Image Cfedit: Google | Core Java Interview Questions and Answers for Fresher 2024

Congratulations on taking the first step towards building a rewarding career in software development! As you prepare to showcase your skills and knowledge in Core Java, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with common interview questions and craft well-rounded answers to impress potential employers.

In this blog post, we’ll explore a curated list of Core Java interview Questions along with detailed answers to help you ace your interviews with confidence.

1. What is Java?

Java is a high-level, object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle Corporation). It is known for its platform independence, robustness, and simplicity, making it popular for developing a wide range of applications, from web applications to mobile apps and enterprise software solutions.

2. What are the main features of Java?

Java boasts several key features that set it apart from other programming languages:

Platform Independence: Java programs can run on any platform that supports Java Virtual Machine (JVM), making them platform-independent.
Object-Oriented: Java follows the object-oriented programming paradigm, emphasizing concepts such as classes, objects, inheritance, and polymorphism.
Robustness: Java’s strong type checking, exception handling, and memory management features contribute to its robustness.
Security: Java incorporates various security mechanisms, such as bytecode verification and a security manager, to ensure secure execution of code.
Multi-threading: Java supports multi-threading, allowing concurrent execution of multiple threads within a single program.
Portability: Java’s “write once, run anywhere” mantra enables developers to write code once and deploy it across different platforms without modification.

3. What is the difference between JDK, JRE, and JVM?

JDK (Java Development Kit): JDK is a software development kit that includes tools and libraries necessary for developing Java applications. It contains JRE, Java compiler, debugger, and other development tools.
JRE (Java Runtime Environment): JRE is a runtime environment that provides the minimum requirements for executing Java applications. It includes JVM and libraries required to run Java programs.
JVM (Java Virtual Machine): JVM is an abstract computing machine that provides a runtime environment for executing Java bytecode. It translates bytecode into machine code and manages memory allocation and garbage collection.

4. What is the difference between == and equals() method in Java?

== operator: The == operator is used to compare primitive data types or to check if two objects reference the same memory location.
equals() method: The equals() method is used to compare the contents of two objects for equality. It is overridden in the Object class to provide meaningful comparison for objects of user-defined classes.

5. What is the difference between interface and abstract class in Java?

Interface: An interface in Java defines a contract for classes to implement. It can contain only abstract methods and constants. A class can implement multiple interfaces.
Abstract class: An abstract class in Java is a class that cannot be instantiated and may contain both abstract and concrete methods. It serves as a blueprint for other classes to extend. Unlike interfaces, a class can extend only one abstract class.


As you prepare for your Core Java interviews, remember to not only memorize answers but also understand the underlying concepts and principles.

Practice coding exercises, review sample projects, and stay updated with the latest trends in Java development. With determination, preparation, and A Solid understanding of Core Java fundamentals, you’ll be well-equipped to impress recruiters and land your dream job in the dynamic world of software development!



Mahesh Sharma

Hey, I'm Mahesh Sharma, a passionate digital marketer with 10+ years of experience in the field. I'll be sharing topics such as SEO, SMO, PPC/ SEM.